LPG - liquefied petroleum gas or liquid petroleum gas – (LP gas), the constituents of which are propane and butane, are flammable hydrocarbon fuel gases used for LPG heating, cooking and vehicles.
Liquefied Petroleum Gas is typically referred to by its acronym – LPG. LPG is mixture of flammable hydrocarbon gases that include propane, butane, isobutane and mixtures of the three LPG gases. LPG is commonly used for home heating gases, cooking, hot water, and autogas – fuel for LPG cars and vehicles.
LPG gas comes from oil and gas wells, as it is a fossil fuel. LPG gas manufacturing process includes natural gas processing and the crude oil refinery process.
LPG, liquefied through pressurisation, comes from natural gas processing and oil refining.
In different countries, the LPG heating fuel gases supplied can be propane, butane or propane-butane blends.
In Australia, LPG is just propane. To explain LPG, Propane is LPG but not all LPG is propane.
What is LPG Made Up Of?
LPG gas bottles - What is LPG made up of?
LPG - Liquefied petroleum gas or liquid petroleum gas, also denoted as just propane or butane, are both flammable hydrocarbon gases used as fuel for LPG heating gases, cooking and vehicular fuel.
LPG is made up of carbon and hydrogen atoms forming propane and butane whilst natural gas is made up of lighter methane, the simplest carbon and hydrogen molecule.
LPG is comprised primarily of propane and butane LPG heating gases, whilst the natural gas primary constituent is methane. LPG is made up of a group of flammable hydrocarbon gases that are liquefied through pressurisation and commonly used as fuel. Natural gas is liquefied cryogenically.
LPG is made up of a number of gases under the LPG products label, including propane, butane, isobutane and mixtures of these gases and are also referred to as natural gas liquids – NGL.
LPG is stored in steel vessels ranging from small BBQ gas bottles to larger gas cylinders and tanks.
LPG in a bobtail tanker truck
What is LPG - Explain LPG - Summary:
LPG - Liquefied petroleum gas or liquid petroleum gas (LP gas) – is primarily the flammable hydrocarbon gases propane and butane used as fuel for gas heaters, cookers and LPG vehicles. LPG is also referred to as “bottled gas”.
To explain LPG, there are a number of fuel gases that fall under the LPG products label, including propane, butane (n-butane) and isobutane (i-butane), as well as mixtures of these gases and are also referred to as natural gas liquids – NGL. In Summary:
1. LPG (or LP Gas) is the acronym for Liquefied Petroleum Gas or Liquid Petroleum Gas.
2. LPG products are made up of a group of flammable hydrocarbon gases that are liquefied through pressurisation and commonly used as fuel.
3. LPG comes from natural gas processing and petroleum refining.
4. LPG gases can all be compressed into liquid at relatively low pressures.
5. LPG is frequently used for fuel as LPG heating gases, cooking, hot water and vehicles, as well as for refrigerants, aerosol propellants and petrochemical feedstock.
6. LPG is generally stored, as a liquid, in steel vessels ranging from small BBQ gas bottles to larger gas cylinders and LPG storage tanks.
7. LPG is mixture of flammable hydrocarbon gases that include propane, butane, isobutane and mixtures of the three LPG gases.
LPG Gas Mixture
LPG – Liquefied Petroleum Gas – (Autogas) is primarily comprised of propane, butane, and isobutane in a range of mixtures. LPG heating gases are produced as a co-product of crude oil refining and natural gas processing. The constituents of LPG are gaseous at 20°C and 1 atmosphere pressure (NTP).
Gas in LPG Tanks
Gas in LPG tanks is LPG liquid under pressure, from 0 kPa at -42°C to 1794 kPa at 54°C, and turns back into gas when you release some of the pressure. The LPG (propane) exists as both liquid and vapour (gas) within the cylinder. See image below.
LPG is a fuel gas. Liquefied petroleum gas or liquid petroleum gas – LPG - also identified as propane or butane, are flammable hydrocarbon gas mixtures used as fuel in vehicles, as Autogas, and as home heating gases and cooking fuel.
LPG Full Form - LPG Meaning - What Does LPG Stand For?
LPG stands for the acronym abbreviation for either Liquefied Petroleum Gas fuel or Liquid Petroleum Gas fuel. To explain LPG, LPG products mean the flammable hydrocarbon gases propane, butane and isobutane, used for heating, cooking, hot water and vehicle fuel.
LPG products go by many names but they all mean the same gases - propane and butane - and this can sometimes be confusing.
It is also called LPG Gas, LP Gas, Propane, BBQ Gas, Camping Gas or Autogas.
Butane emits more carbon than propane or a propane and butane LPG mix, as butane has 4 carbon atoms vs 3 for propane.
LPG fuel is not just a single gas. There are a number of gases that fall under the LPG fuel type category. The most common of these LPG products include propane, butane (n-butane) and isobutane (i-butane), as well as mixtures of these gases.
LPG class Hazchem Code is 2YE whilst the LPG Transport Hazard Class is 2.1. LPG GHS Classifications is Flammable Gases: CATEGORY 1. Hazard Statements classes are H220 - Extremely flammable gas and H280 - Contains gas under pressure; may explode if heated.
LPG Heating Gases
LPG heating gases are propane and butane. They are commonly used for generating heat for home heating, hot water, cooking and commercial applications, including boilers. Isobutane is the other common LPG gas but is not typically used for heating. The main uses of isobutane are as a petrol (gasoline) additive, as a refrigerant and as a feed stock for plastics.
Where Does LPG Come From?
LPG comes from drilling oil and gas wells.
It is a fossil fuel that does not occur in isolation.
LPG products are found naturally in combination with other hydrocarbon fuels, typically crude oil and natural gas.
LPG is produced during natural gas processing and oil refining.
It is isolated, liquefied through pressurisation and stored in pressure vessels.
How is LPG Stored?
LPG storage spheres - Horton Spheres
LPG is stored in pressure vessels.
As such, it is almost always stored in its liquid form.
These can range from small camping cannisters to BBQ gas bottles to larger gas cylinders and much larger LPG tanks or bullets.
LPG fuel storage depots may consist of very large storage spheres, known as Horton Spheres (see accompanying image).
LPG can also be stored underground in specially built or prepared caverns.
Gas Bottles - LPG Gas Bottles for Home
Gas Bottles - LPG Gas Bottles
Gas bottles range from small portable cylinders to large tanks and bulk storage vessels. LPG gas bottles are typically steel vessels for storing the common LPG gases, propane or butane. Homes and small businesses typically use either a 45kg gas bottle, 90 kg gas bottle or the larger 210kg LPG gas bottle sizes (gas cylinder sizes) and cylinder capacity.
High volume users have the larger LPG gas tank sizes (LPG tank sizes).
BBQ gas bottle sizes come in 4kg & 9kg gas bottle dimensions, cylinder capacity & gas bottle sizes (propane gas bottle sizes). Small LPG gas bottles are portable, as used in camping.